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Abstract


THE SOCIAL ASPECT OF SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION: FROM ARABIC TO TURKISH (ADANA SAMPLE)
This study aims to examine the social aspect of language acquisition and the transition from Arabic to Turkish spoken the adults in Turkey setting and intends to indicate that second language acquisition can take place at a later age. The general assumption that children acquire a language easily and perfectly is challenged by the idea that a second language can be acquired at a late age as well. The methodology of the study was ethnographic and exploratory. The participants were originally Syrians, whose origin dates back to 11th century and some of whom moved to Turkey in the 19th century. The participants who later acquired Turkish were born between 1930-40s in the city of Adana located in the south of Turkey. The daily language of the participants was recorded. The participants spoke both Arabic and Turkish. The participants learned Turkish from their children or grandchildren. This finding shows that language might not be not purely biological but also social in nature. Although the participants tended to omit some inflections in Turkish, they were quite fluent while establishing the communication, which implies that inflections are secondary in second language acquisition. The results of the study showed that although the participants omitted Turkish inflections, they could speak Turkish productively and competently. This result shows that second language acquisition can be reached even at a later age when social settings are suited to adults’ needs.

Keywords
Second language acquisition, social aspect, Arabic, Turkish


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    The ninth volume (Winter 2019) of Çukurova Studies journal has been published . We thank to all who assisted us.



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